What is normal?

What is normal? Week 1 Week 2 Week 3-4 Week 5-6
Temperature, rectal 96 – 98° 96 – 99° 100° 100 – 101°
Ambient Temperature 75 – 80° 70 – 80° 70 – 75° 65 – 75°
Heart Rate & Blood Pressure 200 to 240 beats per min; systolic blood pressure: 61 mm Hg 200 to 240 beats per min, sinus rhythm 160 to 200 beats per min; sinus rhythm; systolic blood pressure: 139 mm Hg Varies with breed
Blood Volume 75 ml/kg
Respiratory Rate 15 to 35 per min 15 to 35 per min 15 to 25 per min 15 to 25 per min
Mucus Membranes Color/CRT Pink to hyperemic if recently nursed Pink/1 second Pink/1 second Pink/1 second
Urine color Very pale yellow, <1.020 Very pale yellow, <1.020 Pale yellow Pale to moderate yellow
Weight May lose up to 10% in the first 3 days. Birth weight:

Toys 100-200gms;

Large 400-500gms

Giant 700 gms

Gaining 5 to 10% daily, many double birth weight by day 10. Calculate weight gain of 2-4 gm/day/kg anticipated adult weight. Calculate weight gain of 2-4 gm/day/kg anticipated adult weight. Calculate weight gain of 1-4 gm/day/kg anticipated adult weight. Giant and large breed at faster rate than small breeds.
Activity Sleepts & eats 90% of the time, twitch while sleeping. Movement is a crawl. Sleeps & eats 90% of the time, twitch while sleeping. Begin to support themselves on their forelegs. Beginning to stand and walk by day 21. Start to play when eyes open. Can sit. Walking, climbing, playing, may bark, begin to explore environment,
Attitude Quiet, cry infrequently Quiet Quiet, more active Start to develop “personalities”
Body Tone & Reflexes Flexor dominance for 1st 4 days, then extensor. Righting, rooting, weak withdrawl. Extensor dominance, righting, rooting, crossed extensor. Withdrawl developing. Approaching normal for adult. Suckling reflex & crossed extensor disappears. Normal adult
Vision and hearing No vision but blink with bright light. Limited hearing. None to limited vision and hearing, menace present but slow initially. Limited hearing, waxy discharge Vision blurry, Pupillary light reflex present within 24 hours of eyelids opening, respond to sound. Startle reflex develops. Approaching full vision and hearing
Teeth None None Decidious incisors & canine erupt Decidious premolard erupt
Breeder’s interaction Assure pups are nursing, supplement if necessary. Once to twice daily tape and record temp, weight, urine & stool character. Continue Early Neurologic Stimulation day 3-16. Assure pups are nursing, supplement if necessary. Daily temp take and record, weight, urine & stool character. Continue Early Neurologic Stimulation day 3-16 Continue to assure pups are thriving, begin to enrich environment by variation of toys and surfaces. Continue to assure pups are thriving, continue to enrich environment. Lots of human interaction for socialization.
Veterinary Care Assess & treat if not thriving, taildogs and dewclaws prior to 5th day if appropriate for breed. Assess & treat if not thriving. Dispense pyrantel pamoate to use on day 14 after birth. Assess & treat if not thriving. Dispense pyrantel pamoate to use on day 28 after birth. Veterinary wellness visit – assess pups for any abnormalities to allow breeder to sell pup with full disclosure. First vaccinations (DAPPv) end of 7th wee. Dispense pyrantel pamoate to use on day 42 after birth.
Food and water Nursing only – if supplementing, 60ml/lb/24 hours divided by 8, fed every 3 hours. Nursing only – if supplementing, 70ml/lb/24 hours divided by 8, fed every 3 hours. Offer water, then gruel to start weaning. If supplementing, 90ml/lb/24 hours divided by 8, fed every 3 hours. Teething. Many pups weaned, on full food and water, some still nurse for social interaction.